This clip illustrates the controversial nature of the Jay Treaty with Great Britain. The United States Congress votes to ratify the treaty, which normalized trade relations with Britain. President George Washington acknowledges that the treaty is not ideal but keeps the United States out of war.
Gandhi emphasizes non-violence regardless of the mass majority's inclination toward murder and bloodshed for their independence from Britain. "An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind."
The Second Continental Congress votes to declare independence from Great Britain then refines the text of the Declaration of Independence. After the text is revised, the delegates sign the document and disseminate it to the colonists. George Washington reads the document to his local soldiers, and its words invigorate them to fight for independence.
Thomas Paine explains to Ben Franklin, James, Sarah, and Moses his new publication, Common Sense, one of the most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution. Paine explains that, in the pamphlet, he explains the American Revolution in a simple manner for the ordinary person and makes the case for total independence from Britain. Paine states that he hopes to change public opinion about remaining loyal to the King of England.