The narrator describes the Mughal Empire and its emperor, Akbar the Great. It is explained how Akbar used a new method of rule, which involved tolerance and pluralism. Akbar's accomplishments relating to tolerance are later described.
The narrator describes how the Aryans clashed with Alexander the Great's army in India, and how an Indian Buddhist Emperor, Ashoka, recorded the first attempt at political unity in India. It is then explained how Ashoka created the idea of nonviolence. Ashoka also created the idea of conquering by right conduct, or Dhamma, and it is described how this was modern for its time.
This scene encapsulates the phrase, "action trumps everything." When Indiana Jones finds the entrance to an ancient tomb, rather than clear the way for a "proper" entrance, he destroys the floor, and Elsa jumps in the tomb without hesitation.