Simon Bar Kokhba, declared Messiah by the most prominent Rabbi in Judea, launches a revolt against the Romans when they least expect it and achieves a stunning, initial, victory, declaring Judea free again.
Bar Kokhba's revolt and short-lived independent kingdom is put down by far mightier force than the Romans had ever used in Judea before. The victorious Romans then ban the Jewish people from the district around Jerusalem and even rename the city Aelia, and the entire province Palestine, in an attempt to destroy its Jewish identity.
The unstable calm around Judea after the destruction of the Temple gives way to a reinvigorated alienation with Roman rule, with many looking to the rebel leader Simon Bar Kokhba. believed by some to be the Messiah who would deliver the Jewish people from the Romans.
In the years after the Bar Kokhba revolt many Jews look for new starts and opportunities in communities around the world. It is not easy though, as sometimes they find they are not so welcome and it is difficult to keep traditions alive.