Examines the cultural confrontation between the powerful Roman Empire and the Jewish Kingdom of Judea as Roman power and influence grew in the Eastern Mediterranean. The Romans are fascinated by the Jewish religion and the Jewish people question subordination to Roman rule.
The unstable calm around Judea after the destruction of the Temple gives way to a reinvigorated alienation with Roman rule, with many looking to the rebel leader Simon Bar Kokhba. believed by some to be the Messiah who would deliver the Jewish people from the Romans.
The Jewish people find themselves swept into a dynamic but unfamiliar world with the arrival of the Greeks and new influences in the wake of Alexander the Great's conquests. These foreign influences prove to be a challenge for some of the traditions and beliefs of Judaism.
Simon Bar Kokhba, declared Messiah by the most prominent Rabbi in Judea, launches a revolt against the Romans when they least expect it and achieves a stunning, initial, victory, declaring Judea free again.
John Green explains the history of Judaism in Rome. He mentions that the Jews were tribal people of Judea, a Roman Province, and covers some of the characteristics and beliefs of their religion, such as monotheism and the Covenant. He also details traits about the Jews' God, such as singularity and transcendence.