Tevye explains the Anatevkan traditions that influence their daily lives. From the way they dress to their role in society, tradition and heritage play a large role in defining who they are and how they act.
Molly's mother announces that she will take a job at the factory, much to the surprise of her children. When she tells them that she plans to build planes and assemble war machinery, her children have a hard time picturing her out of her domestic duties. They feel she should be there for them at home since their father is in London supporting the war efforts.