Beakman explains how diamonds are made from carbon and then describes what elements and compounds are. He combines sulfuric acid and sugar to create a black carbon substance that looks like coal to demo that carbon is in sugar. Then he uses an animated clip to explain how scientists think coal makes diamonds.
A group of participants attempts to understand the purpose of the machine and the magnets given to them. After they put the magnets in the machine and turn it on, they notice that the magnets start to form complex structures on their own. The magnets symbolize atoms, and the experience suggests that compounds can form on their own over time, given a constant input of energy.
Fifty-three years ago, Jerry's Uncle Leo stiffed Jerry's mother out of $50. Eager to get it back, Jerry's father says, "Do you know what that's worth today in interest alone? $663.45, figured at a conservative 5% interest, compounded quarterly." Morty's calculations are almost accurate, though he does not compound quarterly, and his sum includes the principle, not just the interest.
Fry experiences the effects of compound interest on his savings. He started with 93 cents in his bank account 1,000 years ago, and it has had an average 2.25% interest rate over the 1,000 years. Fry learns that he is now a billionaire.
When a townmember, Frank, gets evicted from his home he finds a bond issued to his grandfather over 100 years ago. Andy realizes because it was an $100 bond with an 8.5% interest rate compounded annually, Frank might just be rich.