Beakman explains how diamonds are made from carbon and then describes what elements and compounds are. He combines sulfuric acid and sugar to create a black carbon substance that looks like coal to demo that carbon is in sugar. Then he uses an animated clip to explain how scientists think coal makes diamonds.
A group of participants attempts to understand the purpose of the machine and the magnets given to them. After they put the magnets in the machine and turn it on, they notice that the magnets start to form complex structures on their own. The magnets symbolize atoms, and the experience suggests that compounds can form on their own over time, given a constant input of energy.
Hank explains the properties of Carbon and its flexible bonding criteria, which allows it to bond with essentially any other element. He also mentions that Carbon is the core atom of living structures and explains why this is the case.