In this clip, Charlie lectures about the Riemann Hypothesis in his graduate number theory course.
The RNA World Hypothesis is one of the theories of the origin of life. It claims that, chains of RNA were forming naturally before living cells and the genetic code.
This is a catchy song about how to form a hypothesis.
Charlie explains, at a high level, how prime numbers are used in modern encryption. He mentions that solving the Riemann Hypothesis could help decrypt current present day encryption, unlocking passwords and bank account information.
Oliver explains to Ben how he can use a null hypothesis to prove a relationship between Paul and the murders.