Columbus discusses with Spanish royalty his proposal to reach Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. Columbus estimates his voyage to be 7 weeks long, but the reviewers of his proposal disagree and believe it will take one year. Columbus states that the goals of his voyage are to open a trade route with Asia for economic benefit and to expand the influence of the monarchs, Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castille.
This clip details the history of the Vikings during the time period known as The Viking Age. It discusses their decentralized nature and explains their motivation for invading areas: fortune. It also demystifies the true nature of the Vikings: they are considered barbarians because of their willingness to destroy institutions and objects with religious value; however, they peacefully traded goods with countries and even protected the Byzantine emperors in Constantinople. The influence of the Vikings is still present today in the English language and the names of many locations in England.
Who was Martin Luther? What is the Reformation and why does it matter? Roughly 500 years ago, Luther is said to have nailed his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Germany. With the help of the printing press, this 16th century protest against corruption in the Catholic Church would drastically change the course of Christianity - and history itself.
John Green explains the Renaissance movement with a particular emphasis on Greek and Roman influences. He indicates that the Renaissance was a period in which many innovations were made in art, architecture, science, and literature. Religious inspiration was at the center of most work.
Balian takes his knight's oath from his dying father. As a knight, Balian is expected to protect the king and the kingdom as well as follow a moral code that emphasizes qualities such as bravery, courtesy and honor.