During some after hours games, President Bartlet asks his cabinet some questions about the English language and grammar. He challenges them to name all 14 of the punctuation marks in standard English grammar and list all of the words in the language that begin with "dw."
Professor Ashford critiques the version of "Death Be Not Proud" by English poet, John Donne, that Vivian Bearing uses because it is incorrectly punctuated. The punctuation within a poem can give it an entirely different meaning.
During a conversation with Joey, Ross uses air quotes to indicate that he believes Joey's actions were intentional. Joey states that he doesn't understand the gesture and uses it incorrectly when expressing his regret.