Beakman explains the history behind the creation of measurements. He mentions that King Edward II declared that all measurements would be universal and that he created the inch by putting three barley seeds end to end. Through this process, he created standarized measurement. Beakman explains how to get an approximate measurement of something large by using its shadow and the shadow of the measuring stick.
The CyberSquad figures out how to measure one cup of sand using a two-cup measure and a three-cup measure. They simplify the problem by breaking it down into two actions: pouring and filling. Only after breaking the problem down do they come to the solution.