Lorenzo's father is faced with the challenge of not knowing the cure to his son's illness. He gathers observations through the scientific method and discovers that Lorenzo's saturated fat levels are four times higher than the normal levels and ponders what to do.
Professor Philip Brainard creates Flubber and tries to learn more about it. He performs quick tests on the physical properties of Flubber and finds that it is a highly viscous elastomer that can also phase shift between a liquid and a solid. Using observation skills, he also learns that Flubber is moldable, foldable, ductile, and elastic, among other properties.
Teacher Susie challenges her students to move the basket from the ground to the top of the slide. The students experiment with different approaches until they come to a solution. Then, they record their observations in their journals.