Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses to the city notice board. The theses, which started the Reformation, challenge the practices of the Catholic church and widely-held beliefs. The 95 Theses spread rapidly throughout Europe, earning Luther many supporters and opponents.
Martin Luther is summoned to defend himself against charges of heresy. During the trial, he claims ownership of his writing then explains its two purposes. The first is to describe Christian faith and life. The second purpose is to explicitly state ways in which the Pope does not abide by the doctrine he preaches. Martin Luther is asked to recant his writings and refuses to do so.
Martin Luther visits Rome and is shocked at what he finds: immorality, commodification, and insincerity. He climbs the large staircase to the House of Pilate, believing the superstition that it will release his father from pergatory. However, he is not sold on the superstition once he reaches the top. The more of the city of Rome that he sees, the more he dislikes it.