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  • John Adams: XYZ Affair

    History → American History → XYZ Affair
    American History → Presidents → John Adams
    In the midst of a hostile relationship between the United States and France, Thomas Jefferson reads a memo from the French prime minister. The memo states that the U.S. must pay a $250,000 bribe to French officials and issue a $10 million loan to the government before the two countries can begin formal negotiations. John Adams suggests a plan to prepare for war, while Thomas Jefferson criticizes his willingness to wage war.

  • John Adams: Drafting of the Olive Branch Petition

    History → American History → Olive Branch Petition
    John Dickinson and John Adams dispute the approach they should take to restore their rights that England has violated. John Dickinson believes they should exhaust all peaceful options and convince the English Parliament to restore the rights via an Olive Branch petition. John Adams feels that the only way to restore their rights is to go to war because he feels England will continue to ignore the requests of the colonies.

  • John Adams: Proclamation of Neutrality

    American History → Proclamation of Neutrality → Cabinet Debate
    Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton dispute whether or not to issue a formal Proclamation of Neutrality. While both cabinet member agrees that the United States should stay neutral and avoid conflict after France declares war on Great Britain, they disagree on whether the United States should officially declare its neutrality status. President George Washington invites John Adams to dinner and discusses the matter with him.

  • John Adams: Smallpox Inoculation

    History → Scientific Revolution → Inoculation
    American History → Abigail Adams → Smallpox Inoculation
    Disclaimer: This visuals in this clip may be discomforting. In this visualization of 18th century medicine, Abigail Adams and her children get inoculated against small pox. Innoculation was pioneered in the West by Edward Jenner.

  • John Adams: Declaration of Colonial Rights

    History → American History → First Continental Congress
    History → American History → Declaration of Colonial Rights
    John Dickinson reads a summary of The Declaration and Resolves written by the First Continental Congress. The Declaration is the colonists' response to the Intolerable Acts and other objectionable actions performed by Great Britain. During the reading, John Adam expresses his disapproval of Congress' approach to the issues.