Odysseus and his crew meet face-to-face with Polyphemus, a Cyclops, when he catches them eating his food. Polyphemus eats one of the crew members, to the horror of the other men. In an attempt to increase their chances of escaping, Odysseus offers Polyphemus wine to bring him to a drunken stupor.
Athena, the goddess of war and wisdom, appeals to Odysseus and shares her hope for him to wage and lead war against the Trojans. She stresses that his valiant efforts will be remembered for generations.
Odysseus meets Circe after she has transformed some of his crew members to different species of animals. In order to turn his soldiers back to men, he must take her to bed. Circe's spell is broken right before some crew members eat Polites, who was transformed into a pig.