The Roman Senate debates whether or not to accept the Barbarians into Roman society. The senators in favor of the decision feel that accepting Barbarians will make their society grow even stronger. The senators against the decision believe that the Barbarians will still not be loyal to Roman society. Caesar's decision to accept the Barbarians into Rome is made with the expectation that they will be loyal to Rome.
John Green explains how Rome had great power and influence before it officially became an empire. He explains how Rome gained the characteristics of an empire by engaging in, and winning, the Punic Wars.
John Green explains some of the decisions of the Roman empire that led to its demise. Most notably, Rome tried to incorporate conquered people into Roman culture, which worked in the early days of the empire, but eventually led to barbarians inside the gates.
Sally Carrera advises Lightning McQueen to learn from failure and not give up despite the odds against him. She encourages McQueen to try something different and continue training to win the next race.
Joey is visited by an encyclopedia salesman who is rather persuasive. The salesman impresses Joey with the books and tries to convince Joey to buy the entire set. He can't afford it but with the fifty dollars he does have, he chooses to buy one book since the salesman got him so hooked.
Persuasive Techniques →
Turning Objections Into Strengths
Don Draper makes a persuasive statement to Dow Chemical on why it should partner with his advertising agency instead of a competing agency. He articulates that Dow Chemical isn't actually happy with 50% market share, despite its claims, and that he will work hard to help the company capture a greater share of the market.
Del Griffith sells earrings at a train station and uses strong persuasive techniques to make sales. He taps into the emotions of his buyers to convince them that the earring is a worthy purchase. Although his techniques are effective, he is dishonest at times.
Each member of the audience at Derren Brown's show is wearing a mask to protect their identity, and Chris is the victim of the audience's decisions. Dave, a cast member, smashes valuable electronics in Chris' house because the audience voted for it. Next, the audience can vote for Chris to either win a cash prize or be kidnapped, and it votes for the kidnapping. During both events, the audience is excited and enjoys the things happening to Chris until he gets hit by a car, at which point they learn the valuable lesson that anyone is susceptible to deindividuation.
Vee and Ian are in the final round of Nerve, a dare game in which they can either be an anonymous watcher or a player. They have to participate in the dares that the watchers create for them, and the final dare is to shoot the other player first. Another player joins the fray, and the majority of the anonymous watchers vote for him to shoot Vee. Vee makes the watchers aware that they are responsible for what happens in the game even if they are only watching.
Lisa competes against other students in a regional essay competition. The students present their essays, and each essay contains descriptive language to emphasize the greatness of the United States of America. Lisa wins the competition with a particularly strong conclusion.
When Phoebe states that she doesn't believe in evolution, Ross tries to convince her that it is a fact through examples and scientific proof. Phoebe offers a counterargument using several examples in history when the brightest minds believed in a theory but found it to be incorrect.
Following the Boston bombing, the news team discusses how Reddit and Twitter have spread false rumors about the Boston bombing suspect. They note the apparent lack of fact checking even by prominent individuals who disseminated false information.
Fry experiences the effects of compound interest on his savings. He started with 93 cents in his bank account 1,000 years ago, and it has had an average 2.25% interest rate over the 1,000 years. Fry learns that he is now a billionaire.
This clip describes the surprising history of Valentine's Day and includes interesting facts about it. It states that not much is known about Saint Valentine, after whom the holiday is named, especially since there were multiple Christian clerics with that name. Also, the clip details the large economic and social impact of the holiday on the United States.
This clip describes the history of the Veterans Day in the United States. It states that the holiday was originally called Armistice Day to celebrate the truce between the Allies and Germany after World War I. The name of the holiday was changed to honor all veterans, not just those who served in World War I. Also, it explains the difference between Memorial Day and Veterans Day.
This clip describes the Prohibition era in the United States. It explains the assumptions of Prohibition advocates and the actual negative impact of Prohibition on the United States both economically and socially. It also mentions that it was not actually illegal to consume alcohol during this time period. Finally, it notes that the passing of the 21st amendment was the first time in history that a constitutional amendment (the 18th amendment) had ever been repealed.
This clip details the history of the 28th state of the United States, Texas, and includes several fun facts about it. The clip describes the Texan fight for independence from Mexico and how the state's unofficial motto, Don't Mess with Texas, was originally a slogan for an anti-litter campaign. It also includes details about the Texas economy and how much it contributes to the entire United States economy.
This clip describes the purpose and impact of the March on Washington as well as the events that took place during the march. It mentions a lesser-known fact that Dr. Martin Luther King gave his I Have A Dream speech during the march not because he planned to do so, but because no one else wanted to be the last speaker at the event. Dr. King's prepared speech did not include the I Have A Dream segment, but he gave a speech about his dream at the request of Mahalia Jackson.
This clip discusses the origins and evolution of trench warfare and its use in several prominent wars, such as the American Civil War, and World War I. It also explains how the typical trench system was designed during World War I and how the modern day trenchcoat was inspired by a coat made for soldiers in the trenches.
This clip gives some background and an overview of World War I. It states that the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand started the war and that the conflict spread across the world, involving 30 countries and 65 million soldiers. It puts into perspective the scale of the conflict and offers some fun facts, such as a soccer game between the German and British troops near Ypres, Belgium. Finally, it indicates how the Treaty of Versailles' destabilized the region, which helped Adolf Hitler rise to power.
This clip explains the impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott on the Civil Rights Movement as well as Rosa Parks' role in the boycott. It mentions that the story behind the boycott is more complex, as Rosa Parks wasn't first black person to resist bus segregation. Rather, there were several other women arrested for the same offense in the last 12 months, one of them being 15-year-old Claudette Colvin.
American History →
The American Revolution
This clip describes some lesser-known facts about the American Revolutionary War. It mentions that there were actually two Boston Tea Parties and that Paul Revere did not ride alone. William Dawes, Samuel Prescott, and 40 additional men ended up joining Revere to warn fellow patriots that British troops were approaching Lexington. Also, African Americans, Native Americans, women, and pirates known as privateers supported the colonists' effort to gain independence from Great Britain.
This clip discusses the significance of the city of London even though the United Kingdom is no longer the largest empire in the world. It indicates that London may be considered "The Center of the Universe" because it influences the entire world in several ways, especially in time zones.
This clip details the history of the Vikings during the time period known as The Viking Age. It discusses their decentralized nature and explains their motivation for invading areas: fortune. It also demystifies the true nature of the Vikings: they are considered barbarians because of their willingness to destroy institutions and objects with religious value; however, they peacefully traded goods with countries and even protected the Byzantine emperors in Constantinople. The influence of the Vikings is still present today in the English language and the names of many locations in England.
This clip details the history of the Easter holiday and how certain contemporary traditions, customs, and foods came to be associated with the holiday. It mentions a fun fact that the Easter Bunny isn't the only animal associated with the holiday; different countries have different animals. Also, it explains the large social and economic impact of Easter on the United States.
This clip discusses the history of the New Year's Eve holiday and describes the different ways that the holiday is celebrated across different religions and cultures. It states that the original new year was around the Spring Equinox and was changed numerous times throughout history. In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII introduced the Gregorian calendar, which we still use today, which restored January 1 as New Year's Day for much of the world.
This clip discusses the history of Thanksgiving and acknowledges the different events and people that have influenced its modern day form. It mentions that the first Thanksgiving celebrated by the Pilgrims and Native Americans was a three-day festival and did not involve foods contemporarily associated with the holiday such as cranberry sauce, pumpkin pie, potatoes, and turkey.
This clip discusses the history of the Chinese New Year and how the holiday is celebrated. It also explains the significance of many of the holiday's symbols, such as red clothes, dragons, and rabbits.
This clip discusses the history of the Christmas holiday and some of the misconceptions surrounding it. It also explains how the modern form of the holiday came to fruition with its cards, gifts, trees, and icons such as Santa Claus.
Theodore installs an artificially intelligent operating system that is personalized to him based on his responses to a few preliminary questions. He then has a conversation with the operating system, which names itself Samantha. When Theodore asks Samantha how she works, she states that she learns from her experiences, as does Theodore.
Properties of Metals →
Properties of Metals →
High Melting Point
The Fantastic Four are battling Dr. Doom, who has turned into an organic metal capable of absorbing and manipulating electrical energy. They win the battle by exposing him to excessive heat and then cooling him down rapidly with water, turning him into a solid piece of metal.
Wayne practices his firefighting skills by creating a fire in a remote cabin and using a life-size doll as the individual in need of rescue. In the middle of his practice, he notices a bright object quickly approaching Earth. He runs away as the meteor crashes into the ground near him, which destroys his car from its large impact.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs →
Sense of Belonging
Chuck has a short argument with Wilson on their ability to make it off the island alive. It appears that Chuck responding to Wilson's non-existent comments. The argument ends with Chuck throwing Wilson away and soon regretting it. He desperately looks around to find Wilson, as Wilson is his only friend on the island, and he eventually finds him.